Khyber Pukhtunkhwa, Education budget; a false hope…..

By Ibrash Pasha
After May 13 general elections in the country, in the Khyber Pukhtunkhwa province, according the masses specially the youth, they have mandated for change. As a result the Pakistan Tehreek Insaf- PTI lead coalition government is formed. PTI was voted for change. Soon after the formation of the government the masses were expecting change in respect of law and order, improved public service delivery, inflation etc. however the residents of the Khyber Pukhtunkhwa are observing that the law and order situation is deteriorating day by day. The elected members of the provincial assembly are killed who belongs to ruling PTI. The frequency of the bomb blasts and attacks on law enforcement agencies and common masses have increased. The youth of the province were excited to have better and cheaper educational facilities and jobs. The recently presented budget in provincial assembly shows very discouraging picture in relation to hopes and peoples expectations. The budgetary allocations for the education have been reduced in fiscal year 2013-14 as compared to the 2012-13. Despite an overall growth in the volume of the Rs. 41 billion in the KPs provincial budget.
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The misguiding statement on the floor of the provincial assembly by the finance minister has caused mayhem. During the budget speech the finance minister has frequently referred to the Millennium Development Goals- MDGs. Pakistan is one of unfortunate country of the world, among the few others, who could not met the MDGs targets 2015. It is worth mentioning here that the many people could be seen, propagating by saying the government has set education a mile stone, but no one has compared and analyzed the proposed and 2012-13 budgetary figures. This article will mainly analyze the proposed educational budget and do some basic comparison with the 2012-13 educational budget. The article will present the KPs progress on MDGs in relation to education. All these analysis are figurative and quantitative and does not show the qualitative aspects of the education.
The white paper 2013-14 of the Khyber Pukhtunkhwa shows that the total volume of the provincial budget is 344 billion in which an amount of Rs. 60552 million (60 billion) allocated for the current revenue (operational) expenditure of the elementary and secondary education (E&SE). Further breakup shows that 56 billion is for salaried expenditure and 4 billion for non salaried expenditure. After the ending of the devolution in the province the E&SE budget is one liner, which was previous two liner like provincial education offices budget allocations and district education budget allocation. The 2012-13 KPs budget volume was 303 billion, in which an amount of Rs. 681 million for provincial offices and Rs.74661 million under the district education current (operational) expenditures, which makes a total of 75342 million (75 billion).

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The allocations for the Annual Development Plan- ADP, in the proposed budget is Rs. 118 billion including foreign assistance of Rs. 35 billions. The educational projects in the provincial ADP are 41 projects ongoing of Rs. 6262 million and 18 new projects of 1845 million, which makes a total of 59 projects of Rs. 8107 millions. There is an estimated 35 billion worth development projects in which 15 projects of about 16 billion rupees are proposed for education, which makes 45% of the total foreign assisted projects for education. The total allocations for the 2012-13 Annual Develop Plan were 97.5 billion, which include the 23 billion foreign assistance. The educational projects in the 2012-13 provincial ADP were 57 of 7116 million, in which 5965 million for 44 ongoing and 1150 million for 13 new projects. With the support of foreign assistance 11 educational projects of Rs. 9972 millions were allocated, which was 43% of the total foreign assisted projects allocations made for education.

The 2013-14 budget include the following projects in education sector with the allocation of Rs.13829 millions.
• 100 new Government Primary schools will be established on need basis.
• 50 Primary schools will be upgraded to Middle level in deficient Union Councils.
• 50 Middle schools will be upgraded to High level in deficient Union Councils.
• 25 High schools will be upgraded to Higher Secondary level in deficient Union Councils.
• 50 Science Labs will be established in High & Higher Secondary Schools.
• 500 additional classrooms will be constructed Government Schools.
• 500 early Childhood Education room will be constructed in existing Primary Schools.
• Faculty will be engaged for BS-4 year degree programme.
• Furniture and lab gears will be purchased for Govt. Colleges.
• Construction of Libraries.
• Performance incentives for teachers.
• 500 Primary schools will be provided with basic facilities.
The 2012-13 budget included the following projects in their plan with the allocation of Rs. 12066 millions:
• 100 new Primary schools will be established on need basis.
• 50 new Primary schools will be established in rented buildings in urban areas.
• 50 Primary schools will be upgraded to Middle level in deficient Union Councils.
• 50 new Middle schools will be established in rented buildings in urban areas.
• 50 Middle schools will be upgraded to High level in deficient Union Councils.
• 25 High schools will be upgraded to Higher Secondary level in deficient Union Councils.
• 245 I.T. Labs. will be established in High & Higher Secondary Schools.
• 50 Science Labs. will be established in High & Higher Secondary Schools.
• 500 additional classrooms will be constructed.
• 500 Primary schools will be provided with basic facilities.
• 5 Model schools will be established in Haripur, Hangu, Charsadda, Mardan &
• Battagram districts,

The previous government and the current government has been running some of the “Pro poor/ Welfare initiatives” related to education sector, the comparison is given below:
Education Emergency projects in 2013-14 budget:
Under the “Education Emergency” several components have been lauched in the budget. A sum of 360 million has been allocated under the “Stori Da Pukhtunkhwa” for the top 20 position holders in the board exams, who will be paid a sum of Rs. 10000 to the Matric and Rs. 20000 to the Intermediate students for a period of 2 years. For “Removing gender disparity among the girls students” a sum of 100 million is allocated for 41667 girls who will get Rs. 200 per month. An amount of 1 billion as a “Conditional grants” has been allocated for the improving missing facilities of class rooms, boundary wall and latrines. For supporting privatization in educational sector a sum of Rs. 500 million is allocated under the title of “Chief Minister endowment fund”, for helping the self financed students in the universities/ colleges, further the self finance seats will be increased with this fund. Under the “Rokhana Pukhtunkhwa” 100 private schools will be selected for the continuation of the students in private schools from Primary to secondary level, for which a sum of Rs. 800 million is allocated. “Iqra Firogh Taleem voucher scheme” will be introduced for the orphan, poor and children from underprivileged segments of society to continue their education in 100 private schools for which a sum of Rs. 500 million is allocated. Rs. 15 million allocated for the “lady educational supervisors as hard area allowance”.
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Pro poor welfare schemes/ special initiatives in 2012-13 budget:
Under the “Stori da Pukhtunkhwa Scheme” the top 10 position holders in the educational boards exam were awarded Rs. 10000 for Matric and Rs. 15000 for the inter students. The allocation made in budget was Rs. 100 million. Under the “Rokhana Pukhtunkhwa Scheme” two union councils of each district were selected, where no high schools were available and the fees of the students were being paid and allocation of Rs. 500 million was made for the fiscal year 2012-13. Under the “Training in center of excellence in market oriented technologies”, for the training of 1500 female and male students a sum of Rs. 300 million is allocated in the budget. Under the “scholarship for the girls education promotion in the Torghar and Kohistan districts” for reduction of gender disparities, a sum of Rs. 388 million rupees allocated for 3000 girls for the five years. For the provision of 25000 laptops to the students of the universities and 100 position holders students in boards, the initiative under the title of “Naway Sahar Laptop scheme” was lunched with the financial allocation of Rs. 1 billion. For the improvement of the missing facilities of the educational institutions under the “Conditional grants” Rs. 1 billion was allocated in the budget.

Now coming the targets of the Millennium Development Goals-MDGs enrollment of the primary schools students is 2838847 students which include 1216468 girls and 1622379 boys. The estimated number of the children of 5-9 years are 4.31 million, 2.83 million children go to public sector schools, 0.2 million go to private and 0.4 million enrolled in Madrasa. The out of school children are 0.8 million in the province mostly girls. We are evident that from the last 6-7 years about one thousand schools, mostly for girls are destroyed by the extremists. The reconstruction process is slow and as a results thousands of girls are remained out side the schools. The 2013-14 budget has not mentioned the reconstruction of the schools, which may not be the priority of the government. To reach out to the 8 lak children there is need to establish 5000 schools to catch the children and provide them their right to education. The achievement of the MDGs targets by 2015 seems very far away dream and may take several other decades. This is a result of the non serious attitude of the rulers during the past one and half decade. The children and educational right campaigner know the most ignored part of the education is Early Child Care and Development in schools for the students of 3-5 years age. The budget does not reflect any thoughts on this very important segment of education. The targets of the early child education agreed by the Pakistani state to be achieved 100% by 2015. There is no proper infrastructure, trained human resource/ teachers/ facilitators and facilities available. The achievement of this target is not an easy job and may take about a decade or two. Another similarly important segment is the adult education, which unfortunately is missing in the next year plan too.
Women consist of almost half of our population. The budget does not reflect the gender wise allocation, targets and results in each sector. There is need to do justified allocation in the budget and plans on the basis of gender. This will help in improving the status of women in our society. There is also need to get clarity on the per child cost/ allocation for both boys and girls in the province. This will help in the improvement of the quality and service delivery and enable the citizens to do a very simple analysis and comparison between the public and private service providers. This is very much required for the improving the public spending and greater accountability in the education department. Also there is need to control the growing trends of involving the private sector, this should be analyzed and measured by calculating the per child cost and comparing with the similar level of the public sector schools/ results. How ever the non for profit making organization should be engaged to reduce the cost discourage the commercialization of the education.

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